The Importance of Carbohydrates in Adequate and Balanced Diets

Carbohydrates are organic compounds formed from Carbon (C), Hydrogen and Oxygen (0) atoms. They are very common in the living world. Today, in many nutrition models, it is the nutrient item that most of people’s solar energy receives. In poor tropical countries like Central Africa, daily energy is supplied from 90% CHOs, whereas in developed countries this rate is reduced to 40%. 55-60% of the adequate and balanced nutrition program is provided from CHO. The number of these three elements (Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen) is CHO in various structures and names according to the combination order and human utilization status.

The functions of carbohydrates in their body: They provide a significant portion of the energy that the body spends. All tissues use carbohydrates for their energy needs. Brain tissue uses only carbohydrates for energy. For heavy physical movements, carbohydrates are the most convenient source of energy. Ties Antikatojeni. If the carbohydrates are taken less than necessary, more ketones and acids will form in the body than normal. These molecules increase acidity in body fluids and reduce blood alkalinity. This is called ketosis. If the blood’s alkalinity is too low, it can cause coma. They allow water and electrolytes to be kept in the body. They help the sodium to be absorbed into the blood from the intestines. It reduces the need for protein by preventing the protein from being used for energy. They regulate bowel movements. Polysaccharides, which digestive enzymes do not affect, help to promote the movement of intestines and to remove stones as feces. If these polysaccharides are few in the diet, bowel movements can be reduced and constipation can occur.

Classification of carbohydrates according to their structure Monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides are divided into 4. Monosaccharides: Basic carbohydrates that can not be hydrolyzed to simpler carbohydrates. They are also known as simple sugars. They are classified as tetozes, tetrozoles, pentoses and hexoses. Monosaccharides are crystallized colorless compounds, most of which are known as simple sugars since they are sweet. When monosaccharides are named, C is the basis. The most abundant monosaccharides in nature are hexoses of 6 C. Hexoses are called glucose, galactose and fructose. At the end of the aldose sugar – when the ooze is brought, the ketose sugar is brought to the end of the name – rose sugar.

Glucose, galactose, fructose monosaccharides are the most important nutrients. Glucose: Glucose has an aldehyde group. It is also called dextrose and grape sugar. In the human organism, Glucose is freely available and is called blood sugar. It is the most important energy source of the organism and the calorie is 65-100 mg / dl. Hydrolysis of complex CHOs results in glucose formation. They are the most abundant monosaccharides in the composition of complex carbohydrates. They are the most abundant monosaccharides in the composition of complex carbohydrates. The most common foods are; grapes and grapes, and drinks, calves. It is also found in pure form and in sugar beverages.


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